This session will explore the policy framework required to establish a foundation for developing countries and economies in transition to facilitate the development of productive capacities of their economies. As productive capacity building will be a key element to fostering inclusive and sustainable industrial development (ISID), the panelists will discuss new and innovative partnerships as means of achieving this. The provision of affordable, reliable, and sustainable energy is essential for the development of sustainable economies, as it advances and strengthens productive capacities that promote job creation and income generating opportunities for both women and men in local communities and cities. Furthermore, in the context of climate change and energy security concerns, it is imperative that a significant portion of the concomitant energy demand should come from sustainable and renewable sources. Given the huge financial and technical cooperation requirements for the productive capacity agenda, neither the countries alone, nor business-as-usual practices are sufficient; hence, there is a need for innovative, renewed and strengthened partnerships. Specifically, this session will explore the policy initiatives needed to facilitate the development of productive economic capacities, as well as the importance of innovative partnerships for sustainable energy adoption in the context of the post-2015 agenda.